Artists in General

Topics in General

A Self-Portrait detail in The Calling of Saint Matthew (1599–1600) by Caravaggio in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome (Photo courtesy of San Luigi dei Francesi)

The greatest artists represented in French museums, palaces, and other sights

A mosaic portrait of Pietro Torrigiano (Photo by Unknown)

Italian Renaissance sculptor to the Kings and Queens of England

Self Portrait of Hans Holbein the Younger (1542/43) at the Uffizi Galleries, Florence (Photo courtesy of the Uffizi Gallery)

German portraitist who painted some of the seminal figures of the British Renaissance

Self Portrait by Anthony Van Dyck (after 1633) in a private collection (Photo courtesy of Sotheby

The Belgian artist who set the tone for British portraiture

Portrait of Frans Hals (1648–50), a copy (by one of his followers) of a self-portrait, in the Indianapolis Museum of Art (Photo courtesy of the Indianapolis Museum of Art)

A baroque master devoted to depicting typical life during the Dutch Golden Age

A Self-Portrait detail in The Calling of Saint Matthew (1599–1600) by Caravaggio in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome (Photo courtesy of San Luigi dei Francesi)

The baroque master of chiaroscuro, turning the dance of darkness and light into story and character

Probable Self Portrait hidden in a detail from La Camera degli Sposi (1467–74) by Andrea Mantegna, in the Palazzo Ducale, Mantova, Italy (Photo by unknown)

Italian Renaissance master of perspective

Self Portrait with Beret (1886) by Claude Monet, in a Private Collection (Photo by unknown)

The king of the Impressionist movement

 (Photo courtesy of the Uffizi)

One of the greatest painters of the early Renaissance was nothing if not a man of his times

The Artist in his Studio (c. 1730/35), by François Boucher in the Louvre, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Louvre)

18C French court painter or baroque portraits, landscapes, and genre scenes

Georges Braque, 1908, photograph published in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, Architectural Record, May 1910 (Photo by anonymous)

A cofounder of Cubism

Self-Portrait (c. 1875) of Paul Cézanne, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Musée d

A great Post-Impressionism French painter of lovely landscapes, portraits, and still-lifes

Photograph of Marc Chagall (1920) by Pierre Choumoff (Photo by Pierre Choumoff)

A 20C artist of joyful, whimsical, colorful works

Self Portrait, aged 21 (1855) by Edgar Degas, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Musée d

French Impressionist master of ballet dancers—whether painted, pastel, or cast in bronze

Portrait of Donatello by an unknown 16C artist, in the Louvre Museum, Paris (Photo by sailko)

This unassuming man was the greatest sculptor of the early Renaissance

Maestà (1308–11) by Duccio, in the Museo dell'Opera Metropolitana del Duomo, Siena (Photo courtesy of the Museo dell

An Italian Gothic master painter of the Trecento

Self Portrait (1760/70) by Jean-Honoré Fragonard in the Musée Fragonard, Grasse, France (Photo courtesy of The Yorck Project)

An 18C French rococo master of pastel scenes and frolicking lovers

Self-portrait (c. 1512) by Leonardo Da Vinci—or at least it is believed to be a self portrait—in the Biblioteca Reale, Turin (Photo courtesy of the Biblioteca Reale)

The ultimate Renaissance Man—Artist, engineer, architect, scientist, inventor...

Photograph of Édouard Manet in 1874 by Nadar (Photo by Nadar)

This 19C French painter paved the way for the Impressionists to come

Self Portrait (1918) by Henri Matisse, in the Musée Départemental Henri Matisse, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France (Photo courtesy of the Musée Départemental Henri Matisse)

The great early 20C French artist took post-Impressionism into the colorful realms of fauvism

Self-Portrait (1650) by Nicolas Poussin in the Louvre, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Louvre)

A classicist French baroque painter

Pablo Picasso self-portraits at age 15 (1896), 25 (1907), and 89 (1971) (Photo collage courtesy of Twisted Sifter)

A found of Cubism and one of the greatest artists of the 20C

Self Portrait (1903) by Camille Pissarro, in the Tate Britain, London (Photo courtesy of Tate Britain)

An Impressionist turned pointillist—and great teacher of other painters

Self portrait (c. 1506) of Raphael, aged about 23, in the Uffizi Galleries of Florence (Photo courtesy of the Uffizi Galleries)

One of the Holy Trinity of the greatest painters of the Italian Renaissance

Self-portrait (1669) by Rembrandt van Rinj (1606–69) (Photo courtesy of the National Gallery)

The greatest painter in Dutch history, master of the incisive, psychologically penetrating oil portrait

Self Portrait (1910) by Pierre Auguste Renoir, in a Private Collection (Photo by Renoir)

An Impressionist fond of apple-cheeked women and children

Photograph of Auguste Rodin c. 1898 by Dornac (Photo by Dornac)

The greatest sculptor since Michelangelo

Portrait of the Artist (1623) by Peter Paul Rubens, in the Royal Collection, London (Photo courtesy of the Royal Collection)

One of the greatest baroque Flemish painters, astoundingly prolific and fond of fleshy women

Portrait of Georges Seurat in 1888 (Photo by Unknown)

The post-Impressionist famous for making tiny dots meld into an image

Self Portrait of Giambattista Tiepolo (1752–53), detail from the Residenz Würzburg ceiling frescoes in Würzburg, Germany (Photo courtesy of the Residenz Würzburg)

By a long shot the best Italian rococo painter

"Mr. Toulouse paints Mr. Lautrec," a fun trick photographic portrait c. 1891 (Photo by Maurice Guibert)

A louche, Bohemian painter of tavern and theatre scenes

Portrait of Paolo Uccello (16C), by an unknown Florentine artist, from a fresco now at the Louvre, Paris (Photo by sailko)

An early Renaissance master of perspective who played with it as a Cubist might

Self Portrait (1889) by Vincent van Gogh, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Musée d

A tortured post-Impressionist whom history has deemed one of the greatest painters of all time

Portrait of Jean-Antoine Watteau (1721) by Rosalba Carriera, in the Museo Civico Luigi Bailo, Treviso (Photo courtesy of the Museo Civico Luigi Bailo)

A French rococo baroque painter of grandly theatrical works

Self Portrait (c. 1799) by J.M.W. Turner, at the Tate Britain (Photo courtesy of the Tate Britain)

An amazing British painter whose work presages the Impressionists

Henry Moore in 1975, standing next to his sculpture Working Model for Oval with Points (Photo by Allan Warren)

The foremost sculptor of the middle 20th century

Self-Portrait at Age 24 (1804) by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, in the Musée Condé, Chantilly, France (Photo Public Domain)

A French Neo-classical painter

Useful French phrases

Useful French for rail travel

English (anglais) French (français)  Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
Where is? Où est? ou eh
...train station la gare lah gar
train train traah
ticket un billet uhn bee-YAY
ticket counter les guichet lay ghee-SHAY
departures within the hour départs dans l'heure day-PAR dohn luhr
local departures départs banlieue day-PAR bahn-LYOO
long-distance departures départs grandes lignes day-PAR grahnd leenyh
departure time heure de départ uhr de day-PAR
arrival time heure d'arrivée urh dar-ree-YAV
first class première classe pruh-mee-YAIR klahs
second class seconde classe say-COHN-duh klahs
one way ticket un billet simple uhn bee-YAY SAHM-pluh
round trip (return) ticket un billet aller-retour uhn bee-YAY ah-LAY RAY-tour
I would like to reserve a seat Je voudrais réserver une place dzuh voo-DRAY RAY-sair-vay ooun plahs
I have a Eurailpass J'ai Eurailpass dzay ao-rail-PAHS
sleeping couchette une couchette ooun koo-SHET
berth in a sleeping car une place en voiture-lit ooune plahs uhn vwa-TOUR-lee
track voie
car / carriage voiture vwa-TOUR
punch your ticket composter de billet cohm-poh-STAY de bee-YAY
departures le départ luh day-PAR
arrivals l’arrivée lah-ree-VAY
connection correspondance ko-ray-spon-DOHNZ
coming from en provenance de un pro-veh-NONS de
going to a destination de ah des-tee-nah-tzee-YOWN de
Is this the right platform for the Paris train? Est-ce que c’est le quai pour le train de Paris? es kuh say le kay poo-rh leh traah de pah-REE
delayed en retard hn ruh-TAR
information information een-for-mah-tzee-YOHN
left luggage consigne cone-sah-NYEH
exit sortie sohr-TEE

Useful French for air travel

English (anglais) French (français)   Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
Where is... Où est? ou eh
...the airport l'aéroport lair-oh-POR
the airplane l'avion lah-vee-YOHn
terminal terminal tehr-me-NAHL
flight vol vohl
gate porte pohrt
customs douane do-AHN
to the right à droite ah dwa-t
to the left à gauche ah go-sh
straight ahead tout droit too dwa
departures hall Hall de départ ahl de day-PAR
arrivals hall Hall d’arrivée ahl da-ree-VAY
exit sortie sohr-TEE
delayed en retard hn ruh-TAR
on time à l’heure ah LOUR
early en avance hn ah-VAHNS
check-in l’enregistrement lun-rej-ee-stray-MUN
immigration l'immigration lim-ee-grah-SYON
security check le contrôle de sécurité luh kon-TROLL de say-cure-ee-TAY
shuttle la navette lah na-VET
boarding pass une carte d’embarquement ooun kart dem-bark-eh-MUHn
baggage claim la livraison des bagages la lee-vray-SOHn day bah-GA-j
carry-on luggage les bagages à main lay bah-GA-j ah meh
checked luggage les bagages enregistrés lay bah-GA-j on-ray-jee-STRAY

Useful French for car travel

English (anglais) French (français)  Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
car une voiture
une auto
ouhn vwa-TOUR
ouhn ow-TOH
scooter/motorboke une moto ouhn mo-TOH
gas station station-service stah-see-YOHN sair-VEES
gas de l'essence deh lay-SAWNS
diesel le gasolio
le gazole
leh gah-SOL-lyo
luh gag-ZOHL
Fill it up, please faire le plein, s'il vous plaît fair le plahn seel voo play
Where is... Où est? ou eh
...the highway l'autoroute lao-toh-ROOT
...the road la route lah root
...the street la rue lah roo
...the road for Paris
la route de Paris
lah root de pah-REE
to the right à droite ah dwa-t
to the left à gauche ah go-sh
keep going straight tout droit too dwa
to cross traverser trah-vair-SAY
toll un péage uhn PAY-ahj
parking stationner stah-see-yo-NAIR
road map carte routière kahrt roo-tee-YAIR
roundabout rond point rohn pwea
junction carrefour cah-ruh-FOUr

Typical road signs

English (anglais) French (français) 
Speed limit Limit de vitesse
Slow down Ralentissez
Stop Arrêt
Exit  Sortie
Give way Cedez le passage
Give way to traffic coming from the left/right Priorité à gauche / à droit
No passing Interdiction de doubler/dépasser
One-way Sens-unique
No entry Sens interdit
Road closed Route barrée
Detour Déviation
Risk of ice Verglas
Dead-end Impasse
Speed camera Radar de vitesse
Pedestrian crossing Passage piéton
Parking prohibited Stationnement interdit
Pedestrian zone Zone piétonnne

Basic phrases in French

English (anglais) French (français) pro-nun-see-YAY-shun
thank you merci mair-SEE
please s'il vous plaît seel-vou-PLAY
yes oui wee
no non no
Do you speak English? Parlez-vous anglais? par-lay-VOU on-GLAY
I don't understand Je ne comprende pas zhuh nuh COHM-prohnd pah
I'm sorry Je suis desolée zhuh swee day-zoh-LAY
How much does it cost? Combien coute? coam-bee-YEHN koot
That's too much C'est trop say troh
Good day Bonjour bohn-SZOURH
Good evening Bon soir bohn SWAH
Good night Bon nuit  bohn NWEE
Goodbye Au revoir oh-ruh-VWAH
Excuse me (to get attention) Excusez-moi eh-skooze-ay-MWA
Excuse me (to get past someone) Pardon pah-rRDOHN
Where is? Où est? ou eh
...the bathroom la toilette lah twah-LET
...train station la gare lah gahr

Days, months, and other calendar items in French

English (anglais) French (français) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
When is it open? Quand est-il ouvert? coan eh-TEEL oo-VAIR
When does it close? Quand est l'heure de fermeture?   coan eh lure duh fair-mah-TOUR
At what time... à quelle heure... ah kell uhre
Yesterday hier ee-AIR
Today aujoud'hui ow-zhuhr-DWEE
Tomorrow demain duh-MEHN
Day after tomorrow après demain ah-PRAY duh-MEHN
a day un jour ooun zhuhr
Monday Lundí luhn-DEE
Tuesday Maredí mar-DEE
Wednesday Mercredi mair-cray-DEE
Thursday Jeudi zhuh-DEE
Friday Vendredi vawn-druh-DEE
Saturday Samedi saam-DEE
Sunday Dimanche DEE-maansh
a month un mois ooun mwa
January janvier zhan-vee-YAIR
February février feh-vree-YAIR
March mars mahr
April avril ah-VREEL
May mai may
June juin zhuh-WAH
July juillet zhuh-LYAY
August août ah-WOOT
September septembre sep-TUHM-bruh
October octobre ok-TOE-bruh
November novembre noh-VAUM-bruh
December décembre day-SAHM-bruh

Numbers in French

English (anglais) French (français) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
1 un ehn
2 deux douh
3 trois twa
4 quatre KAH-truh
5 cinq sank
6 six sees
7 sept sehp
8 huit hwhee
9 neuf nuhf
10 dix dees
11 onze ownz
12 douze dooz
13 treize trehz
14 quatorze kah-TOHRZ
15 quinze cans
16 seize sez
17 dix-sept dee-SEP
18 dix-huit dee-SWEE
19 dix-neuf dee-SNEUHF
20 vingt vahn
21* vingt et un * vahnt eh UHN
22* vingt deux * vahn douh
23* vingt trois * vahn twa
30 trente truhnt
40 quarante kah-RAHNT
50 cinquante sahn-KAHNT
60 soixante swaa-SAHNT
70 soixante-dix swa-sahnt-DEES
80 quatre-vents  kat-tra-VAHN
90 quatre-vents-dix  kat-tra-vanht-DEES
100 cent sant
1,000 mille meel
5,000 cinq mille sank meel
10,000 dix mille dees meel

* You can form any number between 20 and 99 just like the examples for 21, 22, and 23. For x2–x9, just say the tens-place number (trente for 30, quarante for 40, etc.), then the ones-place number (35 is trente cinq; 66 is soixsante six). The only excpetion is for 21, 31, 41, etc. For x1, say the tens-place number followed by " un" (trente et un, quarante et un, etc.).

‡ Yes, the French count very strangely once they get past 69. Rather than some version of "seventy,' they instead say "sixy-ten" (followed by "sixty-eleven," "sixty-twelve,' etc. up to "sixty-nineteen.") And then, just to keep things interesting, they chenge it up again and, for 80, say 'four twenties"—which always make me thinks of blackbirds baked in a pie for some reason. Ninety becomes "four-twenties-ten" and so on up to "four-nineties-ninteen" for 99, which is quite a mouthful: quartre-vingts-dix-neuf.