A great Post-Impressionism French painter of lovely landscapes, portraits, and still-lifes
Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) may have adopted the short brushstrokes (which he eventually developed into a mosaic of colored rectangles), love of landscape, and light color palate of his Impressionist friends, but he was more formal and deliberate about it.
Cézanne studied his predecessors and sought to give his modern art a monumentality and permanence, even if the subjects tended to be simple (still lifes, portraits, and focused landscapes).
He often revisited the same subjects multiple times and in multiple ways—portraits of himself and of his wife (alays referred to formally as Madame Cézanne), landscapes featuring Mont Saint Victoire, still lifes of simple vases and fruits, scenes of bathers, etc.
Selected works by Paul Cézanne in France
Bathers (1892–94) by Paul Cézanne in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Self-portrait (c. 1875) by Paul Cézanne in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Le Printemps (Spring) (1860) by a 20-year-old law student named Paul Cézanne in the Musée du Petit Palais, Paris
Thee Bathers (1879–82) by Paul Cézanne in the Musée du Petit Palais, Paris
Portrait of Madame Cézanne (1890) by Paul Cézanne in the L'Orangerie, Paris
Apples and Biscuits (1879/80) by Paul Cézanne in the L'Orangerie, Paris